Benefits of maternal and donor human milk for premature infants
Howard Heiman a,1, Richard J. Schanler a,b,⁎
a Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Schneider Children’s Hospital at North Shore, North Shore University Hospital, 300 Community Drive, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA
b Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
Nutrition support of the premature infant must be designed to compensate for metabolic and gastrointestinal immaturity, immunologic insufficiency, and the demands of associated medical conditions. The beneficial effects of human milk extend to the feeding of premature infants. While human milk enhances immunity, nutritional concerns arise because the milk may not meet the expanded nutrient requirements of the very low birth weight (VLBW, less than 1500 g) premature infant. Human milk fortifiers are available to provide optimum nutrition. This review summarizes the benefits and limitations of human milk for the premature infant. © 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.